Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with quite a few associated varieties of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the initial garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but in some cases also for lounging,[two] also by both sexes.[3] Much more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variations of style and product.

The word pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]

The around the globe utilization of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British influence on the broader Western environment in the Victorian period. Pajamas were launched to England as "lounging attire" as early as the seventeenth century, then often called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell away from trend. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half of the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a style in Britain and also the Western world as sleeping apparel for guys till the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Terms and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at some time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

This type of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and many by Mohammedans of each sexes. It was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a excellent many Some others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word is currently used in London outlets. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a More matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was at times the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]


Regular pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination fabricated from gentle material, such as flannel or light-weight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor usually incorporates a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] Lots of people decide to sleep or lounge in only the pajama trousers, either that has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for guys and boys are frequently bought as separates.

In colloquial speech, these conventional pajamas in many cases are known as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.

Some pajamas function a drop seat (generally known as a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats were being very common on pajamas created ahead of the 1950s, but during the early twenty-1st century They are really fairly exceptional.

Modern pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are many variations in type which include brief sleeve pajamas,[14] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many supplies. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Typically worn by young children, these clothes normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.

Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they have occasionally incorporated the latter being a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a style of shorter costume major over shorts or short pants.[eighteen]

Pajamas may perhaps today refer to Ladies's combination daywear, especially in the US exactly where they became well-liked within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Samples of these involve capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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