Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can seek advice from quite a few associated forms of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the original garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[1] but occasionally also for lounging,[2] also by equally sexes.[three] Extra generally, pajamas might consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variations of style and material.

The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]

The around the globe utilization of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th hundreds of years, as well as the British influence on the wider Western world during the Victorian era. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging apparel" as early because the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they quickly fell out of fashion. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a vogue in Britain plus the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys until eventually the Victorian time period, from about 1870.[9]

Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the point out of utilization at time (s.v. "pyjammas"):

Such a garment is employed by several people in India e.g. by Females of various lessons, by Sikh Adult men, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a excellent numerous Many others through the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) says, in Talking of Goa Clinic: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Employed in London retailers. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty a long time back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because More of the White Ants."[ten]


Common pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture made of smooth fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket component commonly includes a placket entrance and its sleeves have no cuffs.[twelve] Lots of people prefer to sleep or lounge in only the pajama trousers, either which has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. Because of this, pajama trousers for men and boys are sometimes sold as separates.

In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas are often named PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[13] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes often called night fits.

Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats ended up quite common on pajamas created ahead of the fifties, but More within the early 20-to start with century They're somewhat scarce.

Up to date pajamas are derived from common pajamas. There are numerous variants in design and style like limited sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of varying length,[16] or, now and again, one-piece pajamas,[17] and pajamas incorporating different elements. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are prevalent. Ordinarily worn by kids, these garments usually have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if just one-piece), and could also be footed.

Although More pajamas are often distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments including nightgowns, while in the US, they have got in some cases included the latter as being a best. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very sort of limited gown top rated about shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]

Pajamas may perhaps now refer to women's combination daywear, especially in the US where they became well-liked within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Samples of these involve capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.[19]

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